Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in conjunction with state agencies developed the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program in 1992 to produce accurate, comprehensive, descriptive, timely, and accessible counts of fatal workplace injuries that occur during a given year. A fatality is counted in the state the death occurred regardless of the state of employment to alleviate duplication of reporting in the states.

The fatality census uses diverse sources to identify, verify, and profile fatal work injuries in an effort to compile counts that are as complete as possible. Source documents such as death certificates, workers’ compensation reports, and Federal and State agency administrative records are cross-referenced to gather key information about each workplace fatality such as the particular occupation in which the fatality occurred, worker demographics, equipment or machinery involved, and circumstances of the event. Two or more independent source documents are used to verify the work relationship of each fatal work injury.

A work relationship exists if an event or exposure results in fatal injury or illness to a person on the employer’s premises and the person was there to work; off the employer’s premises and the person was there to work; or the event or exposure was related to the person’s work or status as an employee. Fatalities that occur during a person’s commute to or from work are excluded from census counts. Work is defined as legal duties, activities, or tasks that produce a product or result; and that which is done in exchange for money, goods, services, profit, or benefit. Although the scope of the fatality census is limited to work-related injuries, states may submit data on work-related fatal illnesses, such as heart attacks, that occur at work.

Information gathered by states participating in the CFOI program is used for statistical and research purposes only. The identifiers of all individuals and companies remain confidential according to BLS policy and confidentiality pledges to state source agencies. BLS and participating state agencies abide by any restrictions on followback or the release data imposed by source agencies.

Data compiled by the CFOI program are issued annually for the previous calendar year. These data are used by safety and health professionals, policy analysts, and researchers to prevent fatal work injuries by informing workers of life threatening hazards associated with various jobs, promote safer work practices through enhanced job safety training, develop new safety equipment, assess and improve workplace safety standards, and identify new areas for safety research.

Note on industry and occupation classifications: Beginning with the 2003 reference year, CFOI began using the 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) for industries and the Standard Occupational Classification system (SOC) for occupations. Prior to 2003, the program used the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system and the Bureau of the Census occupational classification system. Because of the substantial differences between the current and previous systems, the results by industry and occupation in 2003 constitute a break in series, and users are advised against making comparisons between the 2003 industry and occupation categories and the results for previous years.

Chart A-1 shows workplace fatalities by event or exposure in Missouri in 2003 in all ownerships. Transportation incidents had the highest percentage of workplace fatalities with 56 percent. Contact with objects and equipment had the next highest percentage of workplace fatalities with 13 percent.

Chart A-2 illustrates fatal work injuries by location in Missouri in 2003 in all ownerships. Most (39 percent) of the fatal work injuries occurred on streets or highways. Farms was the next highest location for fatal work injuries with 22 percent. Industrial place or premises was the location in 14 percent of the fatal work injuries.

Chart A-3 shows occupations with the largest number of worker fatalities in Missouri in 2003 in all ownerships. Driver/sales workers and truck drivers was the occupation with the most worker fatalities with 41. Agricultural managers had the second most occupational fatalities with 28. Construction managers had the next highest number of worker fatalities with six.

Chart A-4 shows occupations in the construction industry with the highest number of fatalities in Missouri in 2003 in all ownerships. All other was the construction industry occupation with the highest number of fatal injuries with 17 or 65 percent. Construction managers was the occupation with the second highest number of fatal injuries in the construction industry with six or 23 percent. Roofers was the occupation with the third most fatalities in the construction industry with three injuries or 12 percent.

Chart A-5 illustrates fatality work injuries varied between men and women in Missouri in 2003. Men accounted for 144 of the 154 total fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2003. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 79, or 55 percent, of the fatal occupational injuries that involved men. Women accounted for ten of the 154 total fatal occupation injuries in Missouri in 2003. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in seven, or 70 percent, of the fatal occupational injuries that involved women.

Chart A-6 shows the fatal work injuries in selected industries in Missouri in 2003. Trade, transportation, and utilities was the industry with the highest number of fatal work injuries with 38. The second highest industry was natural resources and mining with 34. The construction industry had the next highest number of fatal work injuries with 26.

Table A-1 shows fatal occupational injuries by industry and event or exposure in Missouri in 2003. There were 154 fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2003. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure responsible for 86 of the 154 fatal occupational injuries. Transportation incidents include highway, nonhighway, air, water, and rail fatalities. Contact with objects and equipment was the event or exposure that had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 20. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) was the sector that had the highest number of fatalities in 2003 with 34. Within the agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector, crop production (NAICS 111) had 27 of the 34 fatalities. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) was the sector that had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 29. Within the transportation and warehousing sector, truck transportation (NAICS 484) had 25 of the 29 fatalities. The construction sector (NAICS 23) was the sector that had the third highest number of fatal occupational injuries at 26.

Table A-2 shows fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides in Missouri in 2003. There were a total of 86 fatal occupational injuries as a result of transportation incidents. The transportation and warehousing sector had the highest number of total transportation incidents with 27. Highway incidents accounted for 22 of these 27 transportation incidents. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector had the second highest number of total transportation incidents with 19. Non-highway incidents accounted for 16 of these 19 transportation incidents. There were eight fatal occupational injuries as a result of homicides. Homicides by shooting accounted for six of the eight fatal occupational injuries.

Table A-3 presents the number and percent of fatal occupational injuries to private sector wage and salary workers, government workers, and self-employed workers by industry in Missouri in 2003. Private sector wage and salary workers may include volunteers and other workers receiving compensation. The transportation and warehousing sector had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among the private sector wage and salary workers with 28, or 27.7 percent. The construction sector had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries for private sector wage and salary workers with 20, or 19.8 percent. The numbers and percent of fatal occupational injuries for government workers include fatalities to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry. The public administration sector (NAICS 92) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among government workers with four, or 40.0 percent. Self-employed workers include paid and unpaid family workers, and may include owners of incorporated businesses, or members of partnerships. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among self-employed workers at 28, or 65.1 percent. The construction sector had the second highest number of occupational fatalities of self-employed workers at six, or 14.0 percent.

Table A-4 presents fatal occupational injuries by primary and secondary source of injury by major private industry sector in Missouri in 2003. The primary source identifies the object, substance, or exposure that directly produced or inflicted the injury. For transportation incidents, the source identifies the vehicle in which the deceased was an occupant. The secondary source of injury, if any, identifies the object, substance, or person that generated the source of injury or that contributed to the event or exposure. For vehicle collisions, the deceased’s vehicle is the primary source and the other object (truck, road, divider, etc.) is the secondary source. For most homicides, the "bullet" is the primary source and the "perpetrator" is the secondary source. The total goods-producing sector had 75 total fatalities. Within goods-producing, the natural resources and mining major industry sector had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 34. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total goods-producing sector with 37 total occupational injuries. Structures and surfaces was the leading secondary source in the total goods-producing sector with 13 fatal occupational injuries. The total service-providing sector had 69 total fatalities. Within service-providing, the trade, transportation, and utilities major industry sector had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 38. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total service-providing industries with 44 fatal occupational injuries. Vehicles was also the leading secondary source in the total service-providing industries with 21 fatal occupational injuries.

Table A-5 shows fatal occupational injuries by occupation and event or exposure in Missouri in 2003. The occupation groups with the highest numbers of total fatalities in 2003 were transportation and material moving occupations with 49; management occupations with 37; and construction and extraction occupations with 17. Within the transportation and material moving occupations, motor vehicle operators accounted for 42 of the 49 fatalities. Within the management occupations, other management occupations accounted for 36 of the 37 fatalities. Within the construction and extraction occupations, construction trades workers accounted for 16 of the 17 fatalities. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure with the highest numbers of total fatalities at 86. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 39 of the 49 fatalities in the transportation and material moving occupations and in 19 of the 37 fatalities in the management occupations. Contact with objects and equipment was the second highest event or exposure for total fatalities with 20 total occupational injuries.

Table A-6 shows fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides by occupation in Missouri in 2003. The occupation group with the highest number of total fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents was the transportation and material moving occupations group with 39. The management occupations group had the second highest number of total fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents with 19. There were eight fatal occupational injuries as a result of homicides. Homicides by shooting accounted for six of the eight fatal occupational injuries.

Table A-7 presents fatal occupational injuries by worker characteristics and event or exposure in Missouri in 2003. Of the 154 fatal occupational injuries that occurred in Missouri in 2003, 144 of the workers were men. White, non-Hispanic workers accounted for 137 of the 154 occupational fatalities. Workers between the ages of 35 to 44 had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 34. Wage and salary workers were 111 of the 154 fatalities. Transportation incidents was the leading event or exposure in all worker characteristics except for the 65 year and over age category and the Black, non-Hispanic race or ethnic origin category. Workers aged 65 years and over had seven occupational fatalities as a result of transportation incidents and seven occupational fatalities as a result of contact with objects and equipment. Black, non-Hispanic workers had three occupational fatalities as a result of transportation incidents and three occupational fatalities as a result of assaults and violent acts.

Table A-8 presents fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure and age in Missouri in 2003. The major events or exposures with the highest numbers of total fatal occupational injuries in 2003 were transportation accidents with 86, contact with objects and equipment with 20, and falls with 17. Of the 86 fatal occupational injuries where transportation accidents was the event or exposure, 24 occurred in workers aged 55 to 64 years. Of the 20 fatal occupational injuries where contact with objects and equipment was the event or exposure, seven occurred in workers aged 65 and over. Of the 17 fatal occupational injuries where falls was the event or exposure, four occurred in workers aged 35 to 44 years and four occurred in workers aged 45 to 54 years.

Table A-9 presents fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure and major private industry sector in Missouri in 2003. Transportation accidents was the primary event or exposure for both the total goods-producing sector at 35 and the total service-providing sector at 44. Contact with objects and equipment was the second highest event or exposure in the total goods-producing sector at 15. Falls, and assaults and violent acts were tied for the second highest event or exposure in the total service-providing sector with seven each.