Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in conjunction with state agencies developed the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program in 1992 to produce accurate, comprehensive, descriptive, timely, and accessible counts of fatal workplace injuries that occur during a given year. A fatality is counted in the state the death occurred regardless of the state of employment to alleviate duplication of reporting in the states.

The fatality census uses diverse sources to identify, verify, and profile fatal work injuries in an effort to compile counts that are as complete as possible. Source documents such as death certificates, workers’ compensation reports, and Federal and State agency administrative records are cross-referenced to gather key information about each workplace fatality such as the particular occupation in which the fatality occurred, worker demographics, equipment or machinery involved, and circumstances of the event. Two or more independent source documents are used to verify the work relationship of each fatal work injury.

A work relationship exists if an event or exposure results in fatal injury or illness to a person on the employer’s premises and the person was there to work; off the employer’s premises and the person was there to work; or the event or exposure was related to the person’s work or status as an employee. Fatalities that occur during a person’s commute to or from work are excluded from census counts. Work is defined as legal duties, activities, or tasks that produce a product or result; and that which is done in exchange for money, goods, services, profit, or benefit. Although the scope of the fatality census is limited to work-related injuries, states may submit data on work-related fatal illnesses, such as heart attacks, that occur at work.

Information gathered by states participating in the CFOI program is used for statistical and research purposes only. The identifiers of all individuals and companies remain confidential according to BLS policy and confidentiality pledges to state source agencies. BLS and participating state agencies abide by any restrictions on followback or the release data imposed by source agencies.

Data compiled by the CFOI program are issued annually for the previous calendar year. These data are used by safety and health professionals, policy analysts, and researchers to prevent fatal work injuries by informing workers of life threatening hazards associated with various jobs, promote safer work practices through enhanced job safety training, develop new safety equipment, assess and improve workplace safety standards, and identify new areas for safety research.

Note on industry and occupation classifications: Beginning with the 2003 reference year, CFOI began using the 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) for industries and the Standard Occupational Classification system (SOC) for occupations. Prior to 2003, the program used the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system and the Bureau of the Census occupational classification system. Because of the substantial differences between the current and previous systems, the results by industry and occupation in 2003 constitute a break in series, and users are advised against making comparisons between the 2003 and 2004 industry and occupation categories and the results for previous years.

Chart A-1 shows workplace fatalities by event or exposure in Missouri in 2004 in all ownerships. Transportation incidents had the highest percentage of workplace fatalities with 49 percent. Contact with objects and equipment had the next highest percentage of workplace fatalities with 22 percent.

Chart A-2 illustrates fatal work injuries by location in Missouri in 2004 in all ownerships. Street or highway was the location where the highest percent of fatal work injuries occurred with 31 percent. Farm was the next highest location for fatal work injuries with 28 percent.

Chart A-3 shows occupations with the largest number of worker fatalities in Missouri in 2004 in all ownerships. Agricultural managers was the occupation with the most worker fatalities with 39. Driver/sales workers and truck drivers was the occupation with the second most worker fatalities with 25.

Chart A-4 shows occupations in the construction industry with the highest number of fatalities in Missouri in 2004 in all ownerships. All other was the construction industry occupation with the highest number of fatal injuries with 10 or 37 percent. Construction managers was the occupation with the second highest number of fatal injuries in the construction industry with nine or 33 percent.

Chart A-5 illustrates fatality work injuries varied between men and women in Missouri in 2004. Men accounted for 151 of the 165 total fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2004. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 71 or 47 percent of the fatal occupational injuries that involved men. Women accounted for 14 of the 165 total fatal occupation injuries in Missouri in 2004. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 11 or 79 percent of the fatal occupational injuries that involved women.

Chart A-6 shows the fatal work injuries in selected industries in Missouri in 2004 in all ownerships. Natural resources and mining was the major industry sector with the highest number of fatal work injuries with 46. Trade, transportation, and utilities and construction were the major industry sectors that were tied for the second highest number of fatal work injuries with 27 each.

Table A-1 shows fatal occupational injuries by industry and event or exposure in Missouri in 2004. There were 165 fatal occupational injuries in Missouri in 2004. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure responsible for 82 of the 165 fatal occupational injuries. Transportation incidents include highway, nonhighway, air, water, and rail fatalities, and fatalities resulting from being struck by a vehicle. Contact with objects and equipment was the event or exposure that had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 36. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) was the sector that had the highest number of fatalities in 2004 with 46. Within the agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector, crop production (NAICS 111) had 37 of the 46 fatalities. The construction sector (NAICS 23) was the sector that had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries at 27. Within the construction sector, specialty trade contractors (NAICS 238) had 13 of the 27 fatalities. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) had the third highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 15.

Table A-2 shows fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides by industry in Missouri in 2004. There were a total of 82 fatal occupational injuries as a result of transportation incidents. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) had the highest number of total transportation incidents with 18. Non-highway incidents accounted for 16 of these 18 transportation incidents. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) had the second highest number of total transportation incidents with 14. Highway incidents accounted for six of these 14 transportation incidents. All other transportation incidents accounted for six of the transportation incidents within transportation and warehousing. There were 14 fatal occupational injuries as a result of homicides. Homicides by shooting accounted for eight of the 14 fatal occupational injuries.

Table A-3 presents the number and percent of fatal occupational injuries to private sector wage and salary workers, government workers, and self-employed workers by industry in Missouri in 2004. Private sector wage and salary workers may include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation. The construction sector (NAICS 23) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among the private sector wage and salary workers with 16 or 21.3 percent. The transportation and warehousing sector (NAICS 48-49) had the second highest number of fatal occupational injuries for private sector wage and salary workers with 13 or 17.3 percent. The number and percent of fatal occupational injuries for government workers include fatalities to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry. The public administration sector (NAICS 92) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among government workers with nine or 39.1 percent. Self-employed workers include self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships. The agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting sector (NAICS 11) had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries among self-employed workers at 42 or 62.7 percent. The construction sector (NAICS 23) had the second highest number of occupational fatalities of self-employed workers at 11 or 16.4 percent.

Table A-4 presents fatal occupational injuries by primary and secondary source of injury by major private industry sector in Missouri in 2004. The primary source of injury identifies the object, substance, or exposure that directly produced or inflicted the injury. For most transportation incidents, the primary source identifies the vehicle in which the deceased was an occupant. For most falls, the primary source identifies the surface or object contacted. The secondary source of injury, if any, identifies the object, substance, or person that generated the source of injury or that contributed to the event or exposure. For vehicle collisions, the deceased’s vehicle is the primary source and the other object (truck, road, divider, etc.) is the secondary source. For most homicides, the "bullet" is the primary source and the "perpetrator" is the secondary source. For most falls, the secondary source identifies the equipment or surface from which the worker fell. The total goods producing industries had 86 total fatalities. Within goods producing, the natural resources and mining major industry sector comprised of NAICS 11, agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and NAICS 21, mining had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 46. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total goods producing industries with 49 total occupational injuries. Vehicles and persons, plants, animals, and minerals tied for the leading secondary source in the goods producing industries with 11 fatal occupational injuries each. The total service providing industries had 56 total fatalities. Within service providing industries, the trade, transportation, and utilities major industry sector comprised of NAICS 42, wholesale trade, NAICS 44-45, retail trade, NAICS 48-49, transportation and warehousing, and NAICS 22, utilities, had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 27. Vehicles was the leading primary source in the total service providing industries with 31 fatal occupational injuries. Persons, plants, animals, and minerals was the leading secondary source in the total service providing industries with 12 fatal occupational injuries.

Table A-5 shows fatal occupational injuries by occupation and event or exposure in Missouri in 2004. The occupation groups with the highest numbers of total fatalities in 2004 were management occupations with 64; transportation and material moving occupations with 37; and construction and extraction occupations with 21. Within the management occupations, other management occupations accounted for 61 of the 64 fatalities. Within the transportation and material moving occupations, motor vehicle operators occupations accounted for 25 of the 37 fatalities. Within the construction and extraction occupations, construction trades workers accounted for 14 of the 21 fatalities. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure with the highest number of total fatalities at 82. Transportation incidents was the event or exposure in 30 of the 64 fatalities in the management occupations and in 31 of the 37 fatalities in the transportation and material moving occupations. Contact with objects and equipment was the second highest event or exposure with 36 total occupational injuries.

Table A-6 shows fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents and homicides by occupation in Missouri in 2004. The occupation group with the highest number of total fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents was the transportation and material moving occupations group with 31. The management occupations group had the second highest number of total fatal occupational injuries resulting from transportation incidents with 30. There were 14 fatal occupational injuries as a result of homicides. Homicides by shooting accounted for eight of the 14 fatal occupational injuries. Management occupations was the occupation group with the highest number of total fatal occupational injuries resulting from homicides.

Table A-7 presents fatal occupational injuries by worker characteristics and event or exposure in Missouri in 2004. Of the 165 fatal occupational injuries that occurred in Missouri in 2004, 151 of the workers were men. White, non-Hispanic workers accounted for 151 of the 165 occupational fatalities. Workers between the ages of 45 to 54 had the highest number of fatal occupational injuries with 48. Wage and salary workers accounted for 98 of the 165 fatalities. Transportation incidents was the leading event or exposure in all worker characteristics categories.

Table A-8 presents fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure and age in Missouri in 2004. The major events or exposures with the highest numbers of total fatal occupational injuries in 2004 were transportation accidents with 82, contact with objects and equipment with 36, and assaults and violent acts with 18. Of the 82 fatal occupational injuries where transportation accidents was the event or exposure, 29 occurred in workers aged 45 to 54 years. Of the 36 fatal occupational injuries where contact with objects and equipment was the event or exposure, 12 occurred in workers aged 45 to 54 years. Of the 18 fatal occupational injuries where assaults and violent acts was the event or exposure, six occurred in workers aged 65 years and over and four occurred in workers aged 45 to 54 years.

Table A-9 presents fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure and major private industry sector in Missouri in 2004. Transportation accidents was the primary event or exposure for both total goods producing industries at 37 and total service providing industries at 30. Contact with objects and equipment was the second highest event or exposure in the goods producing industries at 30. Assaults and violent acts was the second highest event or exposure in the total service providing industries with 12.