Accessibility of Business

Is Your Business Accessible to People with Disabilities? Take the Test!

Question 1: How wide do the doors into a retail business have to be under the accessibility guidelines?

A. At each accessible entrance to a building or facility, at least one door shall have a doorway that has a minimum clear opening of 35 in with the door open 90 degrees, measured between the face of the door and the opposite stop.

B. At each accessible entrance to a building or facility, at least one door shall have a doorway that has a minimum clear opening of 32 in with the door open 90 degrees, measured between the face of the door and the opposite stop.

C. At each accessible entrance to a building or facility, at least one door shall have a doorway that has a minimum clear opening of 33 in with the door open 45 degrees, measured between the face of the door and the opposite stop.

Correct Answer is B.

Question 2: How many disability parking spaces are needed in a business’s parking lot?

A.

Total Parking in Lot Required Minimum Number of Accessible Spaces
1 to 25 1
26 to 50 2
51 to 75 3
76 to 100 4
101 to 150 5
151 to 200 6
201 to 300 7
301 to 400 8
401 to 500 9
501 to 1000 2 percent of total
1001 and over 20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000

B.
Total Parking in Lot
Required Minimum Number of Accessible Spaces
1 to 30 1
31 to 60 2
61 to 80 3
81 to 100 4
101 to 120 5
121 to 140 6
141 to 160 7
161 to 180 8
181 to 200 9
201 to 1000 2 percent of total
1001 and over 20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000
  C.
Total Parking in Lot
Required Minimum Number of Accessible Spaces
1 to 50 1
51 to 100 2
101 to 150 3
151 to 200 4
201 to 250 5
251 to 300 6
301 to 350 7
351 to 400 8
401 to 450 9
451 to 1000 2 percent of total
1001 and over 20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000

Correct Answer is A.

Question 3: If there’s a public bathroom in a retail store, does it have to be wheelchair accessible?

  1. Yes
  2. No

Question 3: A. Yes, there must be an accessible route to the bathroom and all of the accessible features in it must be on an accessible route too. Additionally, there must be clear floor space providing unobstructed turning space. A clear floor space at least 30 in by 48 in (760 mm by 1220 mm) must be provided in front of a sink to allow forward approach. The clear floor space needs to be on an accessible route and extend a maximum of 19 in (485 mm) underneath the sink. Hot water and drain pipes exposed under sinks are required to be insulated or otherwise configured so as to protect against contact. And there can be no sharp or abrasive surfaces under sinks. If lavatories and mirrors are provided, then at least one of each should be accessible. Lavatories are to be mounted with the rim or counter surface no higher than 34 in (865 mm) above the finished floor. Toilet stalls need to meet the following specifications:

Accessible Bathroom

Question 4: Can telephones or drinking fountains take up part of the clear width of an accessible route or maneuvering space?

  1. Yes
  2. No

Answer to question 4: No, protruding objects, like telephones or drinking fountains, cannot reduce the clear width of an accessible route or maneuvering space. See the regulations below:

Objects projecting from walls (for example, telephones) with their leading edges between 27 in and 80 in (685 mm and 2030 mm) above the finished floor shall protrude no more than 4 in (100 mm) into walks, halls, corridors, passageways, or aisles. Objects mounted with their leading edges at or below 27 in (685 mm) above the finished floor may protrude any amount. Protruding objects are not allowed to reduce the clear width of an accessible route or maneuvering space.

Question 5: Do restaurants have to provide accessible tables? If so, how many have to be accessible?

  1. Yes. 5%
  2. No

Answer to Question 5: Yes. Where fixed tables (or dining counters where food is consumed but there is no service) are provided in a restaurant, at least 5 percent, but not less than one, of the fixed tables (or a portion of the dining counter) are required to be accessible.

Question 6: Are doorknobs acceptable to use on accessible doors.

  1. Yes
  2. No.

Answer to Question 6: No. Handles, pulls, latches, locks, and other operating devices on accessible doors need to have a shape that is easy to grasp with one hand and does not require tight grasping, tight pinching, or twisting of the wrist to operate. Lever-operated mechanisms, push-type mechanisms, and U-shaped handles are acceptable designs. Hardware required for accessible door passage is to be mounted no higher than 48 in (1220 mm) above finished floor.

Question 7: What is the minimum width for accessible parking spaces?

  1. Accessible parking spaces must be at least 96 in wide. Parking access aisles must be part of an accessible route to the building or facility entrance. Two accessible parking spaces may share a common access aisle. Parking spaces and access aisles have to be level with surface slopes not exceeding 1:50 (2%) in all directions.
  2. Accessible parking spaces must be at least 94 in wide. Parking access aisles must be part of an accessible route to the building or facility entrance. Two accessible parking spaces may share a common access aisle. Parking spaces and access aisles have to be level with surface slopes not exceeding 1:50 (2%) in all directions.

Answer to Question 7: A.

Read More: ADA Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities (ADAAG)
http://www.access-board.gov/adaag/html/adaag.htm.